A water softener is a water treatment system that removes excess minerals from the water, such as calcium and magnesium, and produces softened water. Consumers when looking to buy water softeners should first test their water and find out the water hardness followed by the other factors such as water consumption, the right size, the overall cost and the quality of the water softener.
Hard water contains high concentration of minerals such as calcium and magnesium that is responsible for the hardness of the water. On the other hand, soft water contains very low amounts of calcium and magnesium but has a higher amount of sodium ions than hard water. This is why it is gentle on our bodies and does not form limescale when used in household appliances.
Water softener salt is essential to ensure the water softener system continuously removes excess minerals from the water and provides you with softened water. The salt that is available in two forms- tablets and blocks, goes inside the system to form a brine solution that helps in recharging the resin membrane to ensure the process runs smoothly.
The effects of hard water can be adverse , the most common ones are the limescale formation within the kitchen appliances, pluming and heating system, water marks on cutlery and dishes and scum formation in the bathroom surfaces. There are different ways to combat hard water problems and one of the most effective ways is installing a water softener that removes all the excess minerals from the water, mainly responsible for the water hardness.